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Original Research

Association between sugar consumption, sociodemographic, anthropometric and biochemical profiles

Zorada Hattingh, Catharina J. Bester, Corinna M. Walsh

African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine; Vol 5, No 1 (2013), 9 pages. doi: 10.4102/phcfm.v5i1.546

Submitted: 23 April 2013
Published:  27 November 2013

Abstract

Background: The increase in prevalence of coronary heart disease, type 2 diabetes, obesity and abnormal blood lipid levels has raised the question of a possible relationship between these conditions and the consumption of sugar.

Objectives: This study investigated the sugar consumption of financially-restricted Black women in Mangaung, South Africa.

Method: Five hundred women were selected randomly and divided into younger (25–34 years) and older (35–44 years) groups. Dietary intake, sociodemographic status, anthropometry and biochemical data were obtained. Total sugar (TS) and added sugar (AS) consumption were compared between older and younger women as well as sociodemographic, anthropometric and biochemical categories.

Results: AS intake contributed 12% and 13% of total energy intake in younger and older women, respectively. AS consumption was higher in younger women living in brick houses and those who possessed a microwave oven. In older women, it was higher in husband-headed households. Underweight women with the lowest body mass index had higher sugar consumption than overweight and/or obese women. Women with a lower body fat percentage had a higher AS consumption than women with a high body fat percentage. Sugar consumption was significantly lower in younger women with elevated serum lymphocytecounts. TS and AS consumption was higher in younger women with elevated serum glucose levels. Older women with elevated serum insulin had a significantly higher TS consumption compared to those with normal insulin concentrations.

Conclusion: The amounts of TS and AS consumed by women in this observational study were unlikely to contribute to overweight and/or obesity.


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Author affiliations

Zorada Hattingh, Faculty of Management Sciences, Central University of Technology, South Africa
Catharina J. Bester, Department of Biostatistics, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Free State, South Africa
Corinna M. Walsh, Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Free State, South Africa

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ISSN: 2071-2928 (print) | ISSN: 2071-2936 (online)

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